Equity markets continued their march higher in April as the S&P 500 returned +4.1% in the month and is now up +18.3% in 2019 – this is the best start to a year since 1987 and the 5th best overall since 1929. The market is back to all-time highs despite the volatility at the end of 2018 that included a near bear market (peak-to-trough decline of -19.8%), the first calendar year loss since 2008, and the worst December monthly return since 1931. The market declined at the end of last year on fears that a recession could occur in early 2019. Now the market has rebounded when those recessionary fears did not materialize. The market rally has been broad based as most major asset classes have generated strong year-to-date returns. April included several positive developments including a solid start to the Q1 2019 earnings season, some better than expected economic data, and more progress toward a US/China trade deal.

While we are pleased that the market is off to an excellent start to the year and has rebounded from the 2018 selloff, we acknowledge that the rate of return will likely slow down. The market has gone up in almost a straight line since it bottomed on Christmas Eve (+26.1%). If the S&P 500 continues at its current pace, it would return about +66.5% in 2019, which would be the best calendar year return ever. The current best annual return for the S&P was +52.3% in 1954. We are not forecasting an imminent market crash or suggesting that the market won’t increase from these levels. Rather, we are reminding our clients to be realistic with their market expectations going forward and to be prepared for a potential increase in volatility. We publish our full market outlook after each quarter, and for now, it remains balanced as we continue to monitor market fundamentals, economic growth, Fed policy, and the potential impacts of a US and China trade war continuation or resolution.

Source: Bloomberg (2019)

We’d like to highlight two key events of April 2019:

Q1 2019 GDP

The United States economy started 2019 on a strong pace as Q1 GDP increased by a +3.2% seasonally adjusted annual rate – the best first-quarter growth rate in four years. The report was better than the expected +2.3% consensus estimate. The current economic expansion is set to become the longest on record in mid-2019. Given the latest GDP report, the economy should have no trouble achieving this mark. The Commerce Department also pointed out that the government shutdown decreased Q1 GDP by -0.3%.

Details of the release were somewhat mixed, suggesting a possible slowdown in Q2. A significant portion of Q1’s growth was driven by rising exports (+1.0% to overall GDP growth) and higher inventory (+0.7%) levels. Both components have been volatile over the past few quarters amid the ongoing US and China trade war and are expected to moderate in the future. Consumer spending, which accounts for about two-thirds of economic activity, increased by only +1.2%. However, we have seen signs that consumer spending accelerated toward the end of the quarter as Retail Sales figures rose by +3.6% Y/Y in March. The current consensus estimates for GDP growth are +2.5% for Q2 and +2.4% for full-year 2019.
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) report is released by the Commerce Department’s Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). The BEA defines GDP as the value of the goods and services produced by the nation’s economy less the value of the goods and services used up in production. GDP is also equal to the sum of personal consumption expenditures, gross private domestic investment, net exports of goods and services, and government consumption expenditures and gross investment. The BEA releases three estimates for each quarter’s GDP – the first estimate occurs about a month after the quarter ends.

Back to All-Time Highs

Despite the roller coaster ride over the past several months, the market reached a new peak at the end of the month. The S&P 500 hit a new all-time closing high on April 30th when the index closed at 2,946. The previous high was achieved back in the fall of 2018 when the market topped out at the 2,930 level. Even with a Q4 2018 return of -13.5% and a near bear market, the stock market only took about 200 days to reach a high point again. Going forward, is a market high an ominous sign?

The following data displays monthly closing levels of the S&P 500 Index from 1926 to 2018. Of the 1,116 months observed, almost one-third represented new all-time highs. This isn’t too surprising as the stock market tends to go up over time. The data shows that looking ahead on a one-, three-, and five-year basis, the performance of the S&P 500 after a new market high was about the same as any other time period. This study demonstrates that a new market high does not forecast an inevitable market decline. In other words, a new market high is a not a useful predictor of future returns.

Source: Dimensional Fund Advisors (2019)

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The MSCI Europe Index captures large and mid cap representation across 15 Developed Markets (DM) countries in Europe*. With 445 constituents, the index coversA approximately 85% of the free float-adjusted market capitalization across the European Developed Markets equity universe.

The MSCI Japan Index is designed to measure the performance of the large and mid cap segments of the Japanese market. With 322 constituents, the index covers approximately 85% of the free float-adjusted market capitalization in Japan.

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